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What have been the roles of charities and the state in supporting medical provision? These are issues of major relevance, as the assumptions and practices of the welfare state are increasingly thrown into doubt. This title offers a broad perspective on the relationship between charity and medicine in Western Europe, up to the advent of welfare states in the 20th century. Through detailed case studies, the authors highlight significant differences between Britain, France, Italy and Germany, and offer a critical vocabulary for grasping the issues raised. This volume reflects recent developments relating to the role of charity in medicine, particularly the revival of interest in the place of voluntary provision in contemporary social policy. It emphasizes the changing balance of "care" and "cure" as the aim of medical charity, and shows how economic and political factors influenced the various forms of charity.

`This important book reveals why the young start smoking and why, as adults, they regret having started. It is a great contribution to helping end a national epidemic' - Cheryl Healton, President/CEO, American Legacy Foundation

`This book is a must for everyone concerned about how to address the problem of tobacco use among young people. Virtually all new smokers are children. Many of them are in their early teens and one out of every three children who begin to smoke will die prematurely because of their use of tobacco. This book includes the most objective, thorough and authoritative research to date on the critical question about whether young people fully understand the consequences of their decision to smoke at the time they start and whether they are able to make rational decisions about this vitally important decision. It leaves the reader with no doubt about the value of efforts to better educate our young people and to empower them to resist the lure of tobacco marketing' - Matthew Myers, President, Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids

Smoking presents important controversial research that is based on a survey of several thousand young persons and adults, probing attitudes, beliefs, feelings, and perceptions of risk associated with smoking. The expert board of contributors point out that young smokers give little or no thought to health risks or the problems of addiction. The survey data contradicts the model of informed, rational choice and underscores the need for aggressive policies to counter tobacco firms' marketing and promotional efforts and to restrict youth access to tobacco. An excellent book for anyone studying, researching or working in the field of health.

A number of books and studies have shed light on the value of professionals working together to address the language and literacy needs of English learners (ELs) with communication disorders. However, few resources have directly and intentionally addressed the merging of the two disciplines speech-language pathology and English as a second language-in effecting change in language and literacy. Thus, there is a gap in the literature. This book influences how the disciplines of speech-language pathology and English as a second language view and incorporate the roles of professionals in working with ELs, and specifically ELs with communication disorders.

This book established itself in its first edition as the definitive 'one-stop-shop' revision aid; the only one available to encompass all elements of the MRCOG Part 2 examination in a single volume. Now incorporating practice EMQs as well as the standard question types, this second edition will ensure that it retains its place on the 'must-have' list for every candidate preparing for this exam.

Concentrating on testing the candidate's theoretical and practical knowledge as recommended in the current MRCOG syllabus, the book tests the trainee with questions in obstetrics and gynaecology and those aspects of medicine, surgery and paediatrics relevant to the practice of both.

The book is divided into four key parts, one for each style of question, each of which opens with an introductory section on how to approach the exam and, crucially, how to fail it.
# Part 1 provides a series of short answer practice papers. Common mistakes are highlighted as well as a list of key points required to get full marks. A sample answer is given for each question
# Part 2 contains a mock paper for the MCQ part of the exam, containing 225 questions with answers and helpful annotations
# Part 3 introduces the EMQ, giving the reader 40 questions in the style of the examination, together with answers and explanatory notes
# Part 4 is devoted to the OSCE, with descriptions of 20 sample stations assessing different aspects of clinical practice, advice on how to tackle these, and suggested marking schemes.

Throughout, questions have been designed to test factual knowledge and understanding, problem-solving ability, and clinical and communication skills.

In 1976, a small group of psychologists urged that more research be done on aspects of health and health care outside the domain of mental health. Today, health psychology is one of the fastest growing divisions of the American Psychological Association; journals and textbooks in increasing numbers are another signal of rapid growth in this field.

Mental health professionals now have a drug reference that is designed expressly for them, the PDR Drug Guide for Mental Health Professionals, Second Edition. This highly useful, portable reference is brought to you by the publishers of the trusted Physicians' Desk Reference. Written in a clear, easy-to-read style, the PDR Drug Guide for Mental Health Professionals, Second Edition offers quick access to the facts mental health professionals need on the prescription drugs their patients are taking. It will help you understand the beneficial effects and the dangerous side effects of today's pote