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Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a technique that delivers mild electrical currents across the intact surface of the skin to reduce pain. TENS is used by practitioners throughout the world to manage painful conditions and TENS equipment can be purchased by the general public so that they can self-administer treatment. There are thousands of experimental and clinical research studies published on TENS and related techniques yet there is uncertainty about the best way to administer TENS in clinical practice. This is because currents used during TENS can be administered in a variety of ways and the findings of research studies have been inconclusive. This book provides guidance on how best to use TENS based on an evaluation of current research evidence. The book covers what TENS is, how it works, and safe and appropriate clinical techniques for many conditions including chronic low back pain, osteoarthritis and cancer pain. It also offers solutions to the problems faced by researchers when trying to design clinical trials on TENS. Accessibility written, Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) provides a comprehensive coverage of research issues and findings about TENS and will essential readings for healthcare professionals, practitioners and students.

This book established itself in its first edition as the definitive 'one-stop-shop' revision aid; the only one available to encompass all elements of the MRCOG Part 2 examination in a single volume. Now incorporating practice EMQs as well as the standard question types, this second edition will ensure that it retains its place on the 'must-have' list for every candidate preparing for this exam.

Concentrating on testing the candidate's theoretical and practical knowledge as recommended in the current MRCOG syllabus, the book tests the trainee with questions in obstetrics and gynaecology and those aspects of medicine, surgery and paediatrics relevant to the practice of both.

The book is divided into four key parts, one for each style of question, each of which opens with an introductory section on how to approach the exam and, crucially, how to fail it.
# Part 1 provides a series of short answer practice papers. Common mistakes are highlighted as well as a list of key points required to get full marks. A sample answer is given for each question
# Part 2 contains a mock paper for the MCQ part of the exam, containing 225 questions with answers and helpful annotations
# Part 3 introduces the EMQ, giving the reader 40 questions in the style of the examination, together with answers and explanatory notes
# Part 4 is devoted to the OSCE, with descriptions of 20 sample stations assessing different aspects of clinical practice, advice on how to tackle these, and suggested marking schemes.

Throughout, questions have been designed to test factual knowledge and understanding, problem-solving ability, and clinical and communication skills.

Although its underlying concept is a relatively simple one—the measurement of the human body and its parts—anthropometry employs a myriad of methods and instruments, and is useful for a variety of purposes, from understanding the impact of disease on individuals to tracking changes in populations over time. The first interdisciplinary reference on the subject, the Handbook of Anthropometry brings this wide-ranging field together: basic theory and highly specialized topics in normal and abnormal anthropometry in terms of health, disease prevention, and intervention. Over 140 self-contained chapters cover up-to-date indices, the latest studies on computerized methods, shape-capturing systems, and bioelectrical impedance, data concerning single tissues and whole-body variables, and reports from different areas of the world. Chapters feature helpful charts and illustrations, cross-references to related chapters are included, and key points are presented in bullet form for ease of comprehension. Together, the Handbook’s thirteen sections entail all major aspects of anthropometrical practice and research, including:

· Tools and techniques.

· Developmental stages, from fetus to elder.

· Genetic diseases, metabolic diseases, and cancer.

· Exercise and nutrition.

· Ethnic, cultural, and geographic populations.

· Special conditions and circumstances.

The Handbook of Anthropometry is an invaluable addition to the reference libraries of a broad spectrum of health professionals, among them health scientists, physicians, physiologists, nutritionists, dieticians, nurses, public health researchers, epidemiologists, exercise physiologists, and physical therapists. It is also useful to college-level students and faculty in the health disciplines, as well as to policymakers and ergonomists.

The second edition of this atlas has been fully updated to give students and practitioners a detailed guide on paediatric and adolescent gynaecology. Beginning with an introduction to the “normal” female patient, examining techniques and sonography, the following chapters discuss different obstetric and gynaecological conditions that may occur in childhood and adolescence. Nearly 450 colour images and illustrations, including 2D and 3D ultrasound pictures, help present actual cases.

Geared to primary care practitioners, The Washington Manual® of Outpatient Internal Medicine focuses on common ambulatory medical problems encountered in each medical subspecialty. The book has a quick-reference format similar to The Washington Manual® of Medical Therapeutics, with a standard chapter template, a bulleted style, numerous tables and figures, and a two-color design. All chapters are written by house staff and faculty at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine.

Coverage includes the traditional internal medicine subspecialties and other areas where problems are frequently seen in the ambulatory setting, such as dermatology, neurology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, and psychiatry. Most subspecialties have separate symptom- and disease-based chapters.

The Washington Manual® is a registered mark belonging to Washington University in St. Louis to which international legal protection applies. The mark is used in this publication by LWW under license from Washington University.

The purpose of the The Active Female: Health Issues Throughout the Lifespan, 2nd Edition is twofold: (1) to increase the awareness of wellness and fitness issues for active females and their family members; and (2) to provide an avenue for medical practitioners, allied health professionals, health educators, and certified individuals in sports medicine to gain critical, updated knowledge of a field specific to active females. Part I of the book offers a foundation to help the reader understand the interrelationship among body image concerns, the female reproductive cycle, and musculoskeletal anatomy/physiology of females that makes their health risks and concerns unique. Reproductive health is discussed by a prominent researcher in reproduction/endocrinology. An overview of the Female Athlete Triad which is a syndrome of three interrelated conditions (isordered eating, menstrual disturbances and bone loss) is presented in Part II. Physicians and certified professionals in sports medicine discuss the individual components of the triad, relating not only to the athletic female but also to the recreationally active woman throughout the lifespan. In Part III, Prevention and management of common musculoskeletal injuries is addressed by a female orthopedic surgeon who sub-specializes in treating female athletes. Finally, appropriate exercise and nutritional guidelines for active females are discussed in Parts IV-V of the book by certified professionals and licensed physicians in sports medicine. An invaluable addition to the literature, The Active Female: Health Issues Throughout the Lifespan, 2nd Edition will be of great interest to physicians, allied health care practitioners, medical/other wellness educators, and students who are interested in advancing women's health issues. Sports medicine specialists, family practitioners, gynecologists, team physicians, residents in sports medicine, athletic trainers, health educators, nurses, physicians assistants, physical therapists, sport psychologists, counselors, athletic trainers, and other members of the sports medicine team should also find this title of significant interest.

Safe and effective prescribing is a cornerstone of proper patient care. There has in recent years been a significant increase in the numbers of healthcare professionals able to prescribe; however, sources of drug information tend to focus on only one area of prescribing. The Oxford Handbook of Practical Drug Therapy links practical information about how to use medicines with concise details about the pharmacology of a drug, and the principles of clinical pharmacology that govern its action. The overall structure of this handbook is similar to the UK national formulary, with topics on each drug arranged broadly by therapeutic category. When a drug has several different uses, these are brought together in a single topic, allowing the reader to appreciate its full range of actions, whether therapeutic or adverse. Each drugs topic provides information in a clearly laid out and standardised form, and includes a graphical representation of the pharmacological actions of the drug, and its potential uses, practical advice on a drug's major indications, a list of common and serious adverse effects, major drug-drug interactions, practical advice on monitoring for therapeutic and adverse effects, and what to tell the patient. Teaching points throughout the text draw out pharmacological principles, so that readers can increase their basic knowledge by linking theory with practical examples. Also included are several boxes giving guidance on the approach to therapy of specific diseases an clinical problems. In some cases, algorithms for the treatment of medical emergencies are given, and this new edition features case histories throughout the text to illustrate the issues one may face in practical prescribing. The Oxford Handbook of Practical Drug Therapy brings together for the first time in a single book really practical information on safe prescribing, with the background knowledge that underpins clinical pharmacology. Fully revised with new guidance and important safety information, this book is aimed primarily at medical students and trainees, it will also be invaluable to family doctors, clinical pharmacists, and nurse prescribers.

An A-Z listing of drugs by generic name. Each monograph summarizes the known and/or possible effects of the drug on the fetus. It also summarizes the known/possible passage of the drug into the human breast milk.

A careful and exhaustive summarization of the world literature as it relates to drugs in pregnancy and lactation. Each monograph contains six parts:

  • Generic US name
  • Pharmacologic class
  • Risk factor
  • Fetal risk summary
  • Breast feeding summary
  • References

 Features for this edition include:

  • 1200 commonly prescribed drugs including 105 new drugs
  • New mobile application to access the content on the go*
  • Cross-referenced combination drugs
  • New list of drugs contraindicated during breastfeeding
  • New list of drugs contraindicated in pregnancy
  • List of drugs known to cause human developmental toxicity
  • More summaries at the beginning for pregnancy and breastfeeding
  • Brand new trim size 8.5 x 11
  • 4-color design
  • Consistently formatted throughout
  • Companion site includes fully searchable text and updates from the Briggs newsletter

*App included with the book is a free version with limited content. An in-app purchase is available for an upgrade to the full app content.

With the ever changing drug information and guidelines, make sure you have the most current edition of Briggs Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation to provide your patients with the best care.

The assessment and selection of oocytes and embryos is fundamental to the live birth rate data of all IVF units, the parameter that is used to gauge a clinic's success and credibility. This new atlas contains over 1000 high-quality images of oocytes, zygotes and embryos, presented with accompanying data on indications for treatment, stimulation type and duration, as well as short medical histories of each couple and final outcome of treatment. All images in the book can be downloaded from the accompanying CD-ROM. Structured on a patient-by-patient basis, the atlas describes 100 clinically documented case studies that follow the evolution of oocytes and zygotes between day two and day five. Pronuclear morphology and synchrony as well as embryo morphology are reported and described for each case. Written and produced by experienced embryologists, this practical atlas is an important resource for clinical embryologists and physicians in reproductive medicine.

Presenting a comprehensive, clinically oriented text covering all aspects of abortion care related to both medical and surgical abortion. Multiple contributors, well recognized for their expertise in abortion and women's health, contribute to make this a state-of-the-art reference on abortion for students, residents and practitioners involved in women's reproductive health care.